Prescription Drug Addiction Intervention

 

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Prescription Drug Addiction Intervention

A Prescription Drug Addiction Intervention must be tailored to the particular medication of abuse and individual. If you’re losing someone to a prescription medication addiction, talk to a Prescription Drug Intervention Specialist today at: 800-980-3927

There is a perception among many that prescription pills are safer than street drugs. While this may be true with respect to impurities, many prescription drugs are as or more addictive than many street drugs.

For example, prescription opioids like Codeine, Vicodin or Oxycontin or amphetamines like Adderall, Dexedrine, or Ritalin can result in severe addictions with devastating health and social consequences. In many cases, an individual may initially be prescribed an addictive prescription medication for legitimate medical reasons by their doctor but end up developing an addiction to it.

In these unfortunate circumstances, the addict often ends up being caught between a real need for the medication and an addiction to it that is ruining there lives. Furthermore, many prescription pill addicts use the fact that they are prescribed the medication by a doctor to justify their addiction and remain in denial about the consequences it is having.

If someone you care about is telling you no, I won’t go to treatment, I don’t need help or the problem isn’t that bad, you are in the right place. We Can Help!

We are Drug Addiction, Alcoholism and Mental Health Intervention Experts. We assist friends and families with the help and support needed to effectively get a person of concern into treatment.

Our track record of success has provided real hope, positive change and indispensable help to thousands. More than two decades has been spent developing strong relationships with a multitude of other service providers, advocates and volunteers who share our vision for recovery.

We are one of the most respected and competent intervention service companies in this country. Let us show you how to overcome denial, resistance, minimization and unwillingness.

Along with staging professionally structured interventions, we provide a continuum of care to reinforce recovery. Our Intervention Service includes: a comprehensive consultation, pre-intervention meeting, tailored approach, thoughtful strategies, expert guidance, placement assistance, immediate escort to treatment, ongoing support so your loved one successfully completes treatment and has an effective aftercare plan to prevent relapse.

Additionally, we include the names of up to 10 families we have helped. They have kindly agreed to be contacted regarding their experience with our service. Finally, we are insured, credentialed, and continue CEU training to exceed professional industry certification standards.

It is our philosophy that when someone is suffering from addiction and/or a mental health related issue, wisdom compels us to take proactive measures to help them before something inevitably worse happens. Our commitment to providing you with unparalleled assistance is rooted in the fact that we too have suffered the devastating effects these untreated illnesses can inflict.

We realize this is a difficult situation you are in. We also realize you have tried and attempted solutions to end the addictive and/or mental health crisis.

Calling upon the right intervention specialist can substantially increase the odds that your friend, co-worker or loved one finally accepts help. Fact is, there are only a handful of top interventionists who really know what to do when situations aren’t text book or don’t go according to plan. That’s what sets them and us apart.

Finding the right intervention specialist is the most important first step to ensuring the person you care about receives proper health care. Families, friends, co workers and employers are encouraged to reach out to us.

Trying to manage an addiction and/or mental health related condition without professional assistance can be potentially fatal. Addiction and mental health crisis situations are complex and often pose challenges when it comes to the person accepting help, being properly diagnosed and following treatment plans.

Aligning yourself to a qualified professional who understands the serious nature of addiction, recovery phases and the mental health related components many sufferers experience is critical. Among the many dangers of not getting the person you care about into a treatment program that best fits their needs or addresses dual diagnosis, bipolar, trauma, etc is relapse.

Active addiction amplifies underlying co-occurring disorders so that sobriety must indeed come first if the inflicted individual is going to have any hope of getting better. The other side is that untreated depression, anxiety, mania and such can trigger relapse.

Performing an intervention is too important to risk. Before approaching your loved one with an intervention, consider consulting an experienced intervention specialist today at: 800-980-3927

Carmine Thompson, BRI II, CRSS
Founder, Board Registered Interventionist II

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Listen to Carmine Thompson, BRI II Intervention Specialist on audio.

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List of Prescription Pills

ADDERRALL

Adderall is a brand name psychostimulant drug. It belongs to the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes. Adderall is used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Adderall is a combination of four amphetamine salts (racemic amphetamine aspartate monohydrate, racemic amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharide, and dextroamphetamine sulfate). It works as a reuptake inhibitor for dopamine and norepinephrine. It is available in two formulations: IR (Instant Release) and XR (Extended Release). The immediate release formulation is indicated for use in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy,[3] while the XR formulation is approved for use only with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Important side effects of therapeutic dextroamphetamine include stunted growth in young people and occasionally a psychosis can occur at therapeutic doses during chronic therapy as a treatment emergent side effect. When abused at high doses the risk of experiencing side effects and their severity increases. May include sweating or shaking.

Like other stimulant drugs, such as methamphetamine and cocaine, Adderall directly affects the mesolimbic reward pathway in the brain. Amphetamine salt preparations are considered to have high abuse potential, and it is classified as Schedule II by the US DEA.

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AMBIEN/ZOLPIDEM

Zolpidem (sold under the brand names Ambien, Ambien CR, Stilnox, and Sublinox) is a prescription medication used for the treatment of insomnia, as well as some brain disorders. It is a short-acting nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic of the imidazopyridine class that potentiates gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter, by binding to GABAA receptors at the same location as benzodiazepines. It works quickly (usually within 15 minutes) and has a short half-life (two to three hours).

Zolpidem has not adequately demonstrated effectiveness in maintaining sleep (unless delivered in a controlled-release form); however, it is effective in initiating sleep. Its hypnotic effects are similar to those of the benzodiazepine class of drugs, but it is molecularly distinct from the classical benzodiazepine molecule and is classified as an imidazopyridine. Flumazenil, a benzodiazepine receptor antagonist, which is used for benzodiazepine overdose, can also reverse zolpidem’s sedative/hypnotic and memory-impairing effects.

As an anticonvulsant and muscle relaxant, the drug’s effects are not evident until dosages 10 and 20 times those required for sedation, respectively, are reached. For that reason, zolpidem has never been approved for either muscle relaxation or seizure prevention. Such drastically increased doses are also more inclined to induce one or more of the drug’s adverse side effects, including hallucinations and amnesia.

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ATIVAN/LORAZEPAM

Lorazepam (trademarked as Ativan) is a high-potency, short to intermediate-acting, hydroxy benzodiazepine drug that has all six intrinsic benzodiazepine effects: anxiolytic, amnesic, sedative/hypnotic, anticonvulsant, antiemetic and muscle relaxant. Lorazepam is used for the short-term treatment of anxiety, insomnia, acute seizures including status epilepticus and sedation of hospitalized patients, as well as sedation of aggressive patients.

Lorazepam is considered to be a short-acting drug which, similar to other benzodiazepines, exerts its therapeutic, as well as adverse effects via its interaction at benzodiazepine binding sites, which are located on GABAA receptors in the central nervous system. After its introduction in 1977, lorazepam’s principal use was in treating anxiety. Among benzodiazepines, lorazepam has a relatively high addictive potential. Lorazepam also has abuse potential; the main types of misuse are for recreational purposes or continued use against medical advice. Its sedative-hypnotic and anterograde amnesia properties are sometimes used for criminal purposes.

Long-term effects of benzodiazepines include tolerance, dependence, a benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome and cognitive impairments which may not completely reverse after cessation of treatment; however, for most patients, cognitive impairment is not severe. Withdrawal symptoms can range from anxiety and insomnia to seizures and psychosis.

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BIPHETAMINE

Biphetamine addiction is one of the most common addictions in the United States and various countries in Europe. As the name suggests, biphetamine is an amphetamine. Adderall, a brand name for biphetamine, is a unique medication in that it is both a norepinephrine re-uptake inhibitor as well as a dopamine re-uptake inhibitor. There are two different preparations of Adderall available, both of which treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The only difference between them is that one is also approved for the treatment of narcolepsy. Adderall IR (instant release), is prescribed for the treatment of both ADHD and Narcolepsy, while Adderall XR (extended release) is only indicated for use in the treatment of ADHD. Both preparations are reported to increase libido, alertness, improve mood, increase energy, and increase concentration.

Biphetamine seems like an innocuous medication, but it most certainly is not – it is an extremely potent stimulant drug with a potential for dependence or addiction and both short and long-term side effects. Other, similar stimulant drugs that are commonly prescribed include methamphetamine (Ritalin, Concerta) and cocaine.

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KLONOPIN/CLONAZEPAM

Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine drug having anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, and hypnotic properties. It is marketed by Roche under the trade name Klonopin in the United States and Rivotril in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, India, Mexico and Europe. Other names such as Ravotril, Rivatril, Rivotril, Clonex, Paxam, Petril or Kriadex are known throughout the rest of the world. Clonazepam has an unusually long elimination half-life of 18–50 hours, making it generally considered to be among the long-acting benzodiazepines. Clonazepam is a chlorinated derivative of nitrazepam and therefore a chloro-nitrobenzodiazepine.

Clonazepam has a slow onset with a peak four hours after ingestion. It has high effectiveness rate and low toxicity in overdose, but as most medications, it may have drawbacks due to adverse reactions including paradoxical effects and drowsiness. Other long-term effects of benzodiazepines include tolerance, benzodiazepine dependence, and benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, which occurs in a third of people treated with clonazepam for longer than four weeks. Clonazepam is classified as a high potency benzodiazepine.

The use of clonazepam in long term treatment is inhibited by its ability to induce tolerance to the anticonvulsant effects. However, in a study of patients with epilepsy, the medication could be withdrawn successfully in most patients. In some patients seizures control was reduced after withdrawal, but reintroduction of Clonazepam rapidly resulted in control of the epilepsy. No significant change in cognitive function, mood or behaviour was noted in the patients who discontinued CZP
The benzodiazepine clorazepate may be an alternative to clonazepam due to a slow onset of tolerance and availability in slow-release formulation to counter fluctuations in blood levels. The pharmacological property of clonazepam as with other benzodiazepines is the enhancement of the neurotransmitter GABA via modulation of the GABAA receptor.

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OXYCONTIN

Oxycontin is a prescription medication that is a delayed release form of the drug oxycodone. Because it is delayed release, an entire day’s worth of oxycodone can be contained in one tablet. Oxycontin addicts will very often crush the tablet before consuming it, releasing all of the oxycodone at once. Oxycodone is an opioid which means it belongs to the same class as heroin and morphine. Like these other opioids, oxycodone results in the development of tolerance and withdrawal meaning that when an addict tries to stop taking the drug they experience a very unpleasant set of symptoms including nausea, diarrhea, physical pain, sweating, insomnia, and depression. Avoidance of withdrawal can keep an addict locked in their addiction for years, even after they have decided they want to stop. Because Oxycontin is expensive when bought on the street (where most addicts eventually end up getting it) an Oxycontin addict will often resort to stealing or other illegal activity to support their habit. Staging an intervention for an Oxycontin addict can save them before they progress farther down the path of addiction and experience worse and worse financial, legal, and social consequences.

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VALIUM/DIAZAPAM

Diazepam, first marketed as Valium is a benzodiazepine drug. It is commonly used for treating anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, seizures including status epilepticus, muscle spasms (such as in cases of tetanus), restless legs syndrome, alcohol withdrawal, benzodiazepine withdrawal and Ménière’s disease. It may also be used before certain medical procedures (such as endoscopies) to reduce tension and anxiety, and in some surgical procedures to induce amnesia. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative, skeletal muscle relaxant, and amnestic properties. The pharmacological action of diazepam enhances the effect of the neurotransmitter GABA by binding to the benzodiazepine site on the GABAA receptor (via the constituent chlorine atom) leading to central nervous system depression.

Adverse effects of diazepam include anterograde amnesia (especially at higher doses) and sedation, as well as paradoxical effects such as excitement, rage or worsening of seizures in epileptics. Benzodiazepines also can cause or worsen depression. Long-term effects of benzodiazepines such as diazepam include tolerance, benzodiazepine dependence and benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome upon dose reduction; additionally, after cessation of benzodiazepines, cognitive deficits may persist for at least six months and may not fully return to normal; however, it was suggested that longer than six months may be needed for recovery from some deficits. Diazepam also has physical dependence potential and can cause serious problems of physical dependence with long term use. Compared to other benzodiazepines, though, physical withdrawal from diazepam following long term use is usually far more mild due to its long elimination half-life. Nevertheless, urgent action by national governments to improve prescribing practices has been recommended. Diazepam is the drug of choice for treating benzodiazepine dependence, with its low potency, long duration of action and the availability of low-dose tablets making it ideal for gradual dose reduction and the circumvention of withdrawal symptoms.

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HYDROCODONE
Hydrocodone belongs to the class of drugs called opioids, which are used for pain control in individuals who have moderate to severe pain. Opioids can be taken by mouth, crushed and snorted or injected. A number of deaths have been reported with injection of drugs intended for slow release in the body such as OxyContin, which is a derivative of hydrocodone. Opioids may cause constipation and drowsiness and can depress the rate of breathing and lead to death.

CODEINE
Codeine is another opioid. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), codeine may cause respiratory depression and arrest, nausea, confusion, constipation, sedation and coma. The Drug Enforcement Administration says codeine is the most widely used narcotic in medical treatment and is one of the starting materials used to develop hydrocodone. It is usually taken in pill form and can be found in combination with acetaminophen or aspirin or as a cough suppressant in liquid form.

FENTANYL
Fentanyl is a strong narcotic. The only legal prescription use is for pain control in people who have cancer. The danger with fentanyl is there is no margin for error when increasing the dose. The body develops a tolerance to the drug, so more of the medication is needed over time to get the same effect. Because of the low margin for error, increasing the dosage can be deadly. Fentanyl can be used as a skin patch, injected, smoked or snorted. Street names include China white, China girl, dance fever, murder 8 and Tango and Cash.

MORPHINE
Morphine is another medication in the opioid family, used to treat moderate to severe pain. Side effects may include shallow breathing, seizure, confusion, dizziness or weakness and fainting. People taking morphine may also experience nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, memory problems, constipation and sleep problems.

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VALIUM
Valium is the registered brand name of diazepam. It is an anti-anxiety drug that changes the chemical balance in the brain and is often prescribed for alcohol withdrawal, shakiness, agitation and muscle pain. According to Prescription Drug Abuse, it is very common and easy to obtain. The body builds up a tolerance over just one month. Symptoms of abuse depend upon how long and at what level the person has been using the drug.

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XANAX
Xanax is used for anxiety disorders, panic disorders and anxiety caused by depression. Drinking alcohol with Xanax increases the effects of the alcohol. According to drugs.com, Xanax is habit forming and should never be prescribed for people with a history of abuse or addiction to prescription drugs. Side effects can include risk-taking behavior, depression, hyperactivity, light-headedness, seizures, muscle twitching, jaundice and less frequent urination.

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LUNESTA
Lunesta is a relatively new sleep aid that is a central nervous system depressant and a non-benzodiazepine. According to NIDA, it has a lower risk for abuse and addiction because of the method of action. However, any central nervous system depressant should not be mixed with other medications because the cumulative effect can slow the heart and respiration, which can be fatal.

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RITALIN
Ritalin is a stimulant designed to increase alertness, attention and energy. It is commonly prescribed to children who have attention deficit disorder but is now a drug of choice among college students who are interested in staying up longer and studying harder. According to NIDA, the medication is usually taken orally, but people also dissolve it and inject the solution. However, it contains insoluble fillers that can block small blood vessels and cause tissue death.

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